Scotland and the 20th Century

Supporting Data Tables

These data tables support the article that can be found here

UK Revenue by Category (£)
1899-19001900-19011901-19021902-19031903-19041904-19051905-19061906-19071907-19081908-19091909-19101910-19111911-19121912-19131913-19141914-19151915-19161916-19171917-19181918-19191919-19201920-1921
Customs 23,278,000 26,492,000 31,256,000 34,677,000 34,125,000 35,796,000 34,655,000 33,079,000 32,582,000 29,158,000 30,123,000 33,108,000 33,596,000 33,517,000 35,569,000 39,151,000 59,575,000 70,710,000 70,889,000 103,466,000 149,554,000 133,850,000
Excise 37,074,000 38,537,000 36,856,000 37,465,000 36,863,000 36,024,000 35,574,000 35,713,000 35,725,000 33,691,000 30,542,000 40,179,000 38,250,000 38,064,000 39,658,000 42,419,000 61,208,000 56,488,000 38,578,000 59,663,000 133,782,000 199,963,000
Estate & Duties 18,409,000 16,726,000 18,514,000 17,913,000 17,326,000 17,258,000 17,345,000 18,959,000 19,108,000 18,310,000 21,755,000 25,709,000 25,182,000 25,406,000 27,165,000 28,542,000 30,938,000 31,192,000 31,735,000 30,800,000 42,760,000 47,181,000
Motor Vehichle Duty - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7,775,000
Stamps 8,430,000 7,865,000 7,772,000 8,219,000 7,394,000 7,803,000 8,153,000 7,964,000 7,931,000 7,827,000 8,535,000 9,691,000 9,564,000 10,076,000 9,983,000 7,435,000 6,780,000 7,765,000 8,554,000 12,417,000 22,892,000 26,541,000
Land Tax 739,000 766,000 775,000 760,000 743,000 768,000 723,000 717,000 710,000 711,000 118,000 1,210,000 748,000 687,000 690,000 661,000 680,000 653,000 683,000 643,000 671,000 650,000
House Duty 1,699,000 1,701,000 1,727,000 1,834,000 1,896,000 2,014,000 1,886,000 1,901,000 1,940,000 1,940,000 521,000 3,212,000 2,110,000 1,956,000 1,994,000 1,887,000 1,975,000 1,888,000 1,941,000 1,859,000 1,935,000 1,956,000
Income Tax 18,867,000 27,536,000 35,379,000 38,660,000 30,501,000 31,264,000 31,295,000 31,892,000 31,860,000 33,709,000 12,752,000 63,396,000 44,334,000 44,712,000 47,241,000 69,545,000 129,161,000 205,678,000 238,136,000 293,268,000 359,434,000 396,334,000
Excess Profits Duty - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 187,000 141,615,000 223,116,000 283,977,000 289,208,000 218,099,000
Corporate Profit Tax - - - - - - - - - - - - -   - - - - - - - 701,000
Land Value Duties - - - - - - - - - - - 509,000 494,000 437,000 735,000 414,000 369,000 524,000 651,000 710,000 651,000 (308,000)
Post Office 13,192,000 13,780,000 14,229,000 14,761,000 15,559,000 16,031,000 16,823,500 17,126,000 17,851,000 17,790,000 18,256,000 19,204,500 19,576,000 20,287,000 21,220,000 20,549,000 23,762,000 24,304,000 25,059,000 29,443,000 31,111,000 36,116,000
Telegraphs 3,390,000 3,390,000 3,490,000 3,632,000 3,674,000 3,852,000 4,089,000 4,295,000 3,032,000 3,030,000 3,123,000 3,117,000 3,102,000 3,114,000 3,071,000 2,981,000 3,471,000 3,418,000 3,554,000 3,934,000 5,024,000 5,354,000
Telephone Service - - - - - - - - 1,378,000 1,515,500 1,741,000 1,939,500 2,933,500 5,732,000 6,563,000 6,254,000 6,434,000 6,465,000 6,594,000 6,803,000 8,268,000 8,122,000
Crown Lands 640,000 475,000 439,000 451,000 488,500 464,000 471,000 532,500 513,000 493,000 488,000 518,000 529,500 523,000 543,000 535,000 575,000 653,000 692,500 747,500 678,500 685,000
Interest on Suez Canal Shares, Loans etc 834,000 830,000 870,000 958,000 982,500 1,015,000 1,098,500 1,098,000 1,189,000 1,171,500 1,269,000 1,234,500 1,281,500 1,419,000 1,580,000 1,277,000 2,432,000 8,056,000 6,056,000 11,679,000 14,952,000 30,770,500
Misc 2,261,000 2,243,000 2,004,000 1,819,000 1,605,000 1,418,000 1,520,000 1,956,000 2,205,000 2,024,500 1,684,000 2,579,500 2,548,000 2,923,000 2,310,000 5,940,000 9,792,000 16,514,000 52,152,500 52,354,000 280,927,000 313,134,500
Total 128,813,000 140,341,000 153,311,000 161,149,000 151,157,000 153,707,000 153,633,000 155,232,500 156,024,000 151,370,500 130,907,000 205,607,000 184,248,500 188,853,000 198,322,000 227,590,000 337,339,000 575,923,000 708,391,000 891,763,500 1,341,847,500 1,426,924,000
UK Expenditure by Category (£)
1899-19001900-19011901-19021902-19031903-19041904-19051905-19061906-19071907-19081908-19091909-19101910-19111911-19121912-19131913-19141914-19151915-19161916-19171917-19181918-19191919-19201920-1921
National Debt Charges 23,216,000 19,836,000 21,686,000 27,282,000 27,000,000 27,000,000 28,025,000 28,500,000 29,500,000 28,000,000 21,758,000 24,554,000 24,500,000 24,500,000 24,500,000 22,669,000 60,249,000 127,250,500 189,851,000 269,965,000 332,033,500 349,598,500
Army 43,815,000 91,925,000 92,757,000 69,655,000 36,892,000 29,440,000 29,065,000 27,980,000 27,330,000 27,055,000 27,451,000 27,664,000 27,864,000 28,286,000 28,561,000 29,101,000 232,000 230,000 230,000 230,000 395,215,000 181,715,000
Navy 26,000,000 29,520,000 31,030,000 31,170,000 35,476,000 36,830,000 33,300,000 31,434,000 31,141,000 32,188,000 35,807,000 40,386,000 42,858,000 44,365,000 48,833,000 51,550,000 7,000 17,000 17,000 17,000 156,528,000 88,428,000
Air Force - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1,000 1,500 7,000 52,500,000 22,300,000
Votes of Credit - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 357,000,000 1,399,652,000 1,973,665,000 2,402,800,000 2,198,000,000 87,000,000 -
Consolidated Fund 1,370,000 1,354,000 1,429,000 1,418,000 1,409,000 1,393,000 1,409,000 1,464,000 1,756,500 1,454,000 1,438,500 1,449,500 1,478,000 1,477,500 1,479,000 1,479,000 2,573,000 1,759,000 1,455,500 1,485,000 1,732,500 1,581,000
Development and Road Funds            1,362,500 1,710,000 1,172,000 1,395,000 1,528,000 694,000      8,937,000
Voted 22,530,000 23,500,000 30,500,000 36,200,000 26,870,000 27,450,000 28,430,000 29,118,000 30,180,000 32,338,000 40,010,000 43,098,000 46,001,000 51,944,000 53,901,000 56,956,000 54,718,000 54,113,000 61,242,000 67,989,000 569,054,999 460,216,000
Collection of Taxes 2,800,000 2,834,000 2,955,000 3,040,000 3,085,000 3,093,000 3,148,000 3,179,000 3,222,000 3,320,000 3,342,000 3,919,000 3,951,000 4,200,000 4,483,000 4,602,200 4,603,000 4,728,000 5,156,000 5,532,000 9,422,000 11,259,000
Post Office Services 12,841,000 13,471,000 14,012,000 14,563,000 15,072,000 15,593,000 15,978,000 16,583,000 17,527,000 18,113,000 18,693,000 19,681,000 20,547,000 23,024,000 24,607,000 26,060,000 26,673,000 26,454,000 25,738,000 26,396,000 48,064,000 53,678,000
Payments to Local Taxation Accounts 1,150,000 1,152,000 1,153,000 1,156,000 1,157,000 1,157,000 1,157,000 1,157,000 11,155,500 9,824,000 9,445,500 9,881,500 9,636,000 9,653,500 9,734,000 9,529,000 9,757,000 9,895,000 9,730,500 9,680,500 10,746,000 10,785,500
Land Settlement - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3,477,500 6,930,000
Miscelaneous Local Charges 9,965,000 9,739,000 9,714,000 9,767,000 9,795,000 9,813,000 9,901,000 10,222,500 - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Total 143,687,000 193,331,000 205,236,000 194,251,000 156,756,000 151,769,000 150,413,000 149,637,000 151,812,000 152,292,000 157,945,000 171,995,500 178,545,000 188,622,000 197,493,000 560,474,000 1,559,158,000 2,198,113,000 2,696,221,500 2,579,301,500 1,665,772,500 1,195,428,000
UK Expenditure by Category - Consolidated Military (£)
1899-19001900-19011901-19021902-19031903-19041904-19051905-19061906-19071907-19081908-19091909-19101910-19111911-19121912-19131913-19141914-19151915-19161916-19171917-19181918-19191919-19201920-1921
National Debt Charges 23,216,000 19,836,000 21,686,000 27,282,000 27,000,000 27,000,000 28,025,000 28,500,000 29,500,000 28,000,000 21,758,000 24,554,000 24,500,000 24,500,000 24,500,000 22,669,000 60,249,000 127,250,500 189,851,000 269,965,000 332,033,500 349,598,500
Army 43,815,000 91,925,000 92,757,000 69,655,000 36,892,000 29,440,000 29,065,000 27,980,000 27,330,000 27,055,000 27,451,000 27,664,000 27,864,000 28,286,000 28,561,000 29,101,000 232,000 230,000 230,000 230,000 395,215,000 181,715,000
Navy 26,000,000 29,520,000 31,030,000 31,170,000 35,476,000 36,830,000 33,300,000 31,434,000 31,141,000 32,188,000 35,807,000 40,386,000 42,858,000 44,365,000 48,833,000 51,550,000 7,000 17,000 17,000 17,000 156,528,000 88,428,000
Air Force - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1,000 1,500 7,000 52,500,000 22,300,000
Votes of Credit - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 357,000,000 1,399,652,000 1,973,665,000 2,402,800,000 2,198,000,000 87,000,000 -
Consolidated Fund 1,370,000 1,354,000 1,429,000 1,418,000 1,409,000 1,393,000 1,409,000 1,464,000 1,756,500 1,454,000 1,438,500 1,449,500 1,478,000 1,477,500 1,479,000 1,479,000 2,573,000 1,759,000 1,455,500 1,485,000 1,732,500 1,581,000
Development and Road Funds            1,362,500 1,710,000 1,172,000 1,395,000 1,528,000 694,000      8,937,000
Voted 22,530,000 23,500,000 30,500,000 36,200,000 26,870,000 27,450,000 28,430,000 29,118,000 30,180,000 32,338,000 40,010,000 43,098,000 46,001,000 51,944,000 53,901,000 56,956,000 54,718,000 54,113,000 61,242,000 67,989,000 569,054,999 460,216,000
Collection of Taxes 2,800,000 2,834,000 2,955,000 3,040,000 3,085,000 3,093,000 3,148,000 3,179,000 3,222,000 3,320,000 3,342,000 3,919,000 3,951,000 4,200,000 4,483,000 4,602,200 4,603,000 4,728,000 5,156,000 5,532,000 9,422,000 11,259,000
Post Office Services 12,841,000 13,471,000 14,012,000 14,563,000 15,072,000 15,593,000 15,978,000 16,583,000 17,527,000 18,113,000 18,693,000 19,681,000 20,547,000 23,024,000 24,607,000 26,060,000 26,673,000 26,454,000 25,738,000 26,396,000 48,064,000 53,678,000
Payments to Local Taxation Accounts 1,150,000 1,152,000 1,153,000 1,156,000 1,157,000 1,157,000 1,157,000 1,157,000 11,155,500 9,824,000 9,445,500 9,881,500 9,636,000 9,653,500 9,734,000 9,529,000 9,757,000 9,895,000 9,730,500 9,680,500 10,746,000 10,785,500
Land Settlement - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3,477,500 6,930,000
Miscelaneous Local Charges 9,965,000 9,739,000 9,714,000 9,767,000 9,795,000 9,813,000 9,901,000 10,222,500 - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Total 143,687,000 193,331,000 205,236,000 194,251,000 156,756,000 151,769,000 150,413,000 149,637,000 151,812,000 152,292,000 157,945,000 171,995,500 178,545,000 188,622,000 197,493,000 560,474,000 1,559,158,000 2,198,113,000 2,696,221,500 2,579,301,500 1,665,772,500 1,195,428,000
Revenue as Collected (£m)
YearOther SourcesIn EnglandIn ScotlandIn IrelandTotal
1899-002,042,00098,614,50016,859,00011,117,500128,633,000
1900-012,080,000108,292,00018,135,00011,834,000140,341,000
1901-021,834,000120,537,00019,587,00011,353,000153,311,000
1902-031,742,500127,093,00020,311,00012,002,500161,149,000
1903-041,505,000119,455,50018,550,00011,646,500151,157,000
1904-051,395,000122,163,00018,808,50011,340,500153,707,000
1905-061,500,500122,159,50018,877,00011,096,000153,633,000
1906-072,004,000123,019,00018,811,00011,399,000155,233,000
1907-082,372,000123,326,50018,847,50011,478,000156,024,000
1908-092,165,500119,392,00018,527,50011,285,500151,370,500
1909-101,858,500103,006,50016,196,0009,846,000130,907,000
1910-112,769,500166,997,00022,321,00013,519,500205,607,000
1911-122,809,000148,050,50020,900,00012,489,000184,248,500
1912-132,954,500151,348,00022,046,00012,504,500188,853,000
1913-142,507,500159,382,00023,488,50012,944,500198,322,500
1914-155,923,500181,710,00025,962,00013,994,500227,590,000
1915-1611,025,000273,810,50034,420,50018,083,000337,339,000
1916-1723,287,000472,938,50058,600,00021,097,500575,923,000
1917-1856,942,500557,892,50071,910,00021,646,000708,391,000
1918-1962,631,000705,777,00092,207,50031,148,000891,763,500
1919-20294,095,000892,138,500113,525,00042,089,0001,341,847,500
1920-21340,302,000920,430,000120,386,00043,806,0001,426,924,000
Revenue as Contributed (£m)
YearOther SourcesBy EnglandBy ScotlandBy IrelandTotal
1899-002,580,000103,755,50013,633,0008,664,500128,633,000
1900-012,688,000113,204,00014,928,0009,521,000140,341,000
1901-023,914,000123,558,00016,055,0009,784,000153,311,000
1902-034,542,500129,625,00016,776,00010,205,500161,149,000
1903-044,224,000121,658,50015,526,0009,748,500151,157,000
1904-054,122,000123,887,00015,944,5009,753,500153,707,000
1905-064,360,500123,887,50015,938,0009,447,000153,633,000
1906-074,214,000125,692,00015,837,0009,490,000155,233,000
1907-083,055,000127,194,50016,153,5009,621,000156,024,000
1908-092,839,500123,243,00016,037,5009,250,500151,370,500
1909-102,439,500105,974,50014,138,0008,355,000130,907,000
1910-113,779,500170,361,00019,960,00011,506,500205,607,000
1911-123,617,000151,300,50018,643,00010,688,000184,248,500
1912-133,782,500154,389,00019,950,00010,731,500188,853,000
1913-143,387,500162,491,00021,309,50011,134,500198,322,500
1914-156,923,500183,535,00024,742,00012,389,500227,590,000
1915-1612,711,000273,472,50033,226,50017,929,000337,339,000
1916-1725,923,000464,255,50061,978,00023,766,500575,923,000
1917-1859,721,500544,334,50077,470,00026,865,000708,391,000
1918-1966,105,000691,062,00097,321,50037,275,000891,763,500
1919-20298,027,000879,718,500113,487,00050,615,0001,341,847,500
1920-21344,629,000913,699,000119,753,00048,843,0001,426,924,000
Expenditure (£m)
YearImperial ServicesOn English ServicesOn Scottish ServicesOn Irish ServicesTotal
1899-0097,519,00034,215,0004,973,0006,980,000143,687,000
1900-01146,295,00034,769,0004,961,0007,306,000193,331,000
1901-02157,024,00035,939,0005,059,0007,214,000205,236,000
1902-03144,733,50037,019,5005,145,0007,353,000194,251,000
1903-04104,981,00038,850,0005,377,0007,548,000156,756,000
1904-0598,432,00040,105,5005,664,5007,567,000151,769,000
1905-0695,555,00033,042,0004,665,5007,249,500140,512,000
1906-0793,045,50042,951,0005,962,5007,678,500149,637,500
1907-0893,676,00044,025,5006,300,5007,810,000151,812,000
1908-0992,311,50044,659,0006,654,0008,667,500152,292,000
1909-1090,646,00049,136,0007,450,50010,712,500157,945,000
1910-11100,107,00052,617,0007,927,00011,344,500171,995,500
1911-12103,071,50055,628,5008,311,50011,533,500178,545,000
1912-13104,195,00062,693,5009,596,50012,137,000188,622,000
1913-14108,371,50066,659,50010,105,00012,357,000197,493,000
1914-15468,753,50068,886,50010,178,00012,656,000560,474,000
1915-161,468,758,00067,712,50010,090,50012,597,0001,599,158,000
1916-172,108,829,50066,834,0009,763,50012,686,0002,198,113,000
1917-182,600,195,50072,607,50010,416,50013,002,0002,696,221,500
1918-192,393,765,000143,847,50019,527,50022,161,5002,579,301,500
1919-201,397,962,000209,599,00028,990,50029,221,0001,665,772,500
1920-21897,919,500231,436,50033,096,00032,976,0001,195,428,000
Expenditure as a % of Revenue
YearEnglandScotlandIreland
1899-0033%36%81%
1900-0131%33%77%
1901-0229%32%74%
1902-0329%31%72%
1903-0432%35%77%
1904-0532%36%78%
1905-0627%29%77%
1906-0734%38%81%
1907-0835%39%81%
1908-0936%41%94%
1909-1046%53%128%
1910-1131%40%99%
1911-1237%45%108%
1912-1341%48%113%
1913-1441%47%111%
1914-1538%41%102%
1915-1625%30%70%
1916-1714%16%53%
1917-1813%13%48%
1918-1921%20%59%
1919-2024%26%58%
1920-2125%28%68%
Average30.6%34.4%82%
Population (000s)
Financial YearEngland and WalesScotlandIrelandTotal
1899-0031,9734,4024,49440,869
1900-0132,3404,4474,46441,251
1901-0232,6974,4864,44441,627
1902-0333,0374,5144,43141,982
1903-0433,3804,5434,41642,338
1904-0533,7274,5714,40642,704
1905-0634,0774,6004,39943,076
1906-0734,4314,6294,39643,455
1907-0834,7894,6584,38743,834
1908-0935,1514,6874,38644,223
1909-1035,5164,7144,38744,616
1910-1135,8784,7324,38444,994
1911-1236,1844,7504,37845,312
1912-1336,3894,7684,36345,520
1913-1436,6724,7874,34345,802
1914-1536,5464,8054,32045,672
1915-1635,1244,8244,27744,224
1916-1734,5314,8434,27343,646
1917-1834,1544,8614,27543,290
1918-1934,7184,8804,29843,896
1919-2036,9814,8874,35446,222
1920-2137,6264,8394,36346,827

We have used the following population statistics for financial years, which are derived from the calendar year numbers published by the BoE using a weighted 75/25 ratio.

Population (1000s)
Financial YearEngland and WalesScotlandIrelandUK
1899-00 31,973.35 4,402.14 4,493.75 40,869.24
1900-01 32,339.90 4,447.49 4,463.50 41,250.89
1901-02 32,696.73 4,486.13 4,444.00 41,626.86
1902-03 33,036.50 4,514.29 4,430.75 41,981.54
1903-04 33,379.80 4,542.63 4,415.50 42,337.93
1904-05 33,726.68 4,571.15 4,405.75 42,703.57
1905-06 34,077.10 4,599.84 4,398.75 43,075.69
1906-07 34,431.23 4,628.72 4,395.50 43,455.44
1907-08 34,789.05 4,657.78 4,387.25 43,834.08
1908-09 35,150.58 4,687.02 4,385.50 44,223.09
1909-10 35,515.83 4,713.59 4,386.50 44,615.92
1910-11 35,877.93 4,731.80 4,384.00 44,993.72
1911-12 36,183.75 4,750.07 4,377.75 45,311.57
1912-13 36,388.75 4,768.42 4,362.50 45,519.67
1913-14 36,672.25 4,786.83 4,343.00 45,802.08
1914-15 36,546.25 4,805.32 4,320.00 45,671.57
1915-16 35,123.50 4,823.88 4,276.75 44,224.13
1916-17 34,530.75 4,842.50 4,273.00 43,646.25
1917-18 34,153.75 4,861.21 4,274.75 43,289.71
1918-19 34,718.00 4,879.98 4,298.00 43,895.98
1919-20 36,981.00 4,886.68 4,354.25 46,221.93
1920-21 37,626.00 4,838.53 4,362.75 46,827.28
Population (%)
Financial YearEngland and WalesScotlandIreland
1899-0078.2%10.8%11.0%
1900-0178.4%10.8%10.8%
1901-0278.5%10.8%10.7%
1902-0378.7%10.8%10.6%
1903-0478.8%10.7%10.4%
1904-0579.0%10.7%10.3%
1905-0679.1%10.7%10.2%
1906-0779.2%10.7%10.1%
1907-0879.4%10.6%10.0%
1908-0979.5%10.6%9.9%
1909-1079.6%10.6%9.8%
1910-1179.7%10.5%9.7%
1911-1279.9%10.5%9.7%
1912-1379.9%10.5%9.6%
1913-1480.1%10.5%9.5%
1914-1580.0%10.5%9.5%
1915-1679.4%10.9%9.7%
1916-1779.1%11.1%9.8%
1917-1878.9%11.2%9.9%
1918-1979.1%11.1%9.8%
1919-2080.0%10.6%9.4%
1920-2180.4%10.3%9.3%
Revenue Contributed per head (£)
YearBy EnglandBy ScotlandBy Ireland
1899-003.253.101.93
1900-013.503.362.13
1901-023.783.582.20
1902-033.923.722.30
1903-043.643.422.21
1904-053.673.492.21
1905-063.643.462.15
1906-073.653.422.16
1907-083.663.472.19
1908-093.513.422.11
1909-102.983.001.90
1910-114.754.222.62
1911-124.183.922.44
1912-134.244.182.46
1913-144.434.452.56
1914-155.025.152.87
1915-167.796.894.19
1916-1713.4412.805.56
1917-1815.9415.946.28
1918-1919.9119.948.67
1919-2023.7923.2211.62
1920-2124.2824.7511.20
Average7.597.403.82
Identifiable Expenditure per head (£)
YearEnglandScotlandIreland
1899-001.071.131.55
1900-011.081.121.64
1901-021.101.131.62
1902-031.121.141.66
1903-041.161.181.71
1904-051.191.241.72
1905-060.971.011.65
1906-071.251.291.75
1907-081.271.351.78
1908-091.271.421.98
1909-101.381.582.44
1910-111.471.682.59
1911-121.541.752.63
1912-131.722.012.78
1913-141.822.112.85
1914-151.882.122.93
1915-161.932.092.95
1916-171.942.022.97
1917-182.132.143.04
1918-194.144.005.16
1919-205.675.936.71
1920-216.156.847.56
Average1.972.102.80
Imperial Services per head (£)
YearEnglandScotlandIreland
1899-002.392.392.39
1900-013.553.553.55
1901-023.773.773.77
1902-033.453.453.45
1903-042.482.482.48
1904-052.312.312.31
1905-062.222.222.22
1906-072.142.142.14
1907-082.142.142.14
1908-092.092.092.09
1909-102.032.032.03
1910-112.222.222.22
1911-122.272.272.27
1912-132.292.292.29
1913-142.372.372.37
1914-1510.2610.2610.26
1915-1633.2133.2133.21
1916-1748.3248.3248.32
1917-1860.0660.0660.06
1918-1954.5354.5354.53
1919-2030.2430.2430.24
1920-2119.1819.1819.18
Average13.3413.3413.34
Other Revenue Sources per head (£)
YearEnglandScotlandIreland
1899-000.060.060.06
1900-010.070.070.07
1901-020.090.090.09
1902-030.110.110.11
1903-040.100.100.10
1904-050.100.100.10
1905-060.100.100.10
1906-070.100.100.10
1907-080.070.070.07
1908-090.060.060.06
1909-100.050.050.05
1910-110.080.080.08
1911-120.080.080.08
1912-130.080.080.08
1913-140.070.070.07
1914-150.150.150.15
1915-160.290.290.29
1916-170.590.590.59
1917-181.381.381.38
1918-191.511.511.51
1919-206.456.456.45
1920-217.367.367.36
Average0.860.860.86
Total Expenditure per head (£)
YearEnglandScotlandIreland
1899-003.463.523.94
1900-014.624.665.18
1901-024.874.905.40
1902-034.574.595.11
1903-043.643.664.19
1904-053.493.544.02
1905-063.193.233.87
1906-073.393.433.89
1907-083.403.493.92
1908-093.363.514.06
1909-103.423.614.47
1910-113.693.904.81
1911-123.814.024.91
1912-134.014.305.07
1913-144.184.485.21
1914-1512.1512.3813.19
1915-1635.1435.3036.16
1916-1750.2550.3351.29
1917-1862.1962.2163.11
1918-1958.6858.5359.69
1919-2035.9136.1836.96
1920-2125.3326.0226.73
Average15.3115.4516.14
Total Revenue per head (£)
YearEnglandScotlandIreland
1899-003.313.161.99
1900-013.573.422.20
1901-023.873.672.30
1902-034.033.822.41
1903-043.743.522.31
1904-053.773.582.31
1905-063.743.572.25
1906-073.753.522.26
1907-083.733.542.26
1908-093.573.492.17
1909-103.043.051.96
1910-114.834.302.71
1911-124.264.002.52
1912-134.334.272.54
1913-144.504.532.64
1914-155.175.303.02
1915-168.077.184.48
1916-1714.0413.396.16
1917-1817.3217.327.66
1918-1921.4121.4510.18
1919-2030.2429.6718.07
1920-2131.6432.1118.56
Average8.458.274.68
Fiscal Balance per head (£)
YearEnglandScotlandIreland
1899-00-0.15-0.36-1.95
1900-01-1.06-1.24-2.99
1901-02-1.00-1.23-3.10
1902-03-0.54-0.76-2.70
1903-040.10-0.15-1.88
1904-050.280.04-1.71
1905-060.550.33-1.62
1906-070.360.09-1.63
1907-080.320.05-1.65
1908-090.21-0.02-1.89
1909-10-0.38-0.56-2.51
1910-111.140.40-2.10
1911-120.45-0.02-2.39
1912-130.31-0.03-2.53
1913-140.320.05-2.57
1914-15-6.97-7.08-10.17
1915-16-27.07-28.13-31.68
1916-17-36.21-36.94-45.13
1917-18-44.87-44.89-55.44
1918-19-37.27-37.09-49.51
1919-20-5.68-6.51-18.88
1920-216.326.09-8.18
Average-6.86-7.18-11.46
Fiscal Balance per head Real Terms ( 1917 £)
YearEnglandScotlandIreland
1899-00-0.26-0.61-3.36
1900-01-1.75-2.06-4.95
1901-02-1.67-2.05-5.19
1902-03-0.91-1.29-4.55
1903-040.17-0.25-3.18
1904-050.470.07-2.95
1905-060.940.57-2.76
1906-070.610.15-2.76
1907-080.540.08-2.74
1908-090.36-0.04-3.16
1909-10-0.64-0.94-4.25
1910-111.890.67-3.49
1911-120.74-0.03-3.92
1912-130.51-0.06-4.07
1913-140.520.08-4.15
1914-15-11.34-11.52-16.54
1915-16-38.60-40.12-45.18
1916-17-45.01-45.91-56.09
1917-18-44.87-44.89-55.44
1918-19-32.10-31.94-42.65
1919-20-4.18-4.80-13.92
1920-214.013.87-5.19
Average-7.75-8.23-13.20

References

  • [1] T.M Devine, C.H. Lee and G.C. Peden. The Transformation of Scotland: The Economy since 1700, 2005, Edinburgh University Press.
  • [2] G. McCrone, Scotland's public finances from Goschen to Barnett, Quarterly Economic Commentary, Volume 24, No.2, 1999. link.
  • [3] H.B. Peebles. Warship Building on the Clyde, 1987, John Donald Publishers Ltd.
  • [4] Scottish Financial and Trade Statistics, (Report of the Catto Committee), Cmd 8609
  • [5] Bank of England, A millennium of macroeconomic data, link.
  • [6] Government Expenditure Revenue Scotland Historical,

Parliamentary Session Papers

The following Parliamentary session papers were utilised in the production of these data tables, however, due to the license under which they were obtained we are unable to print them in full. You can obtain the papers with a valid ProQuest account or, as we did, by visiting the House of Commons Archive service, which is free to visit.

  • Revenue and Expenditure (England, Scotland and Ireland) 1899-1900, 1900 paper 336
  • Revenue and Expenditure (England, Scotland and Ireland) 1900-1901, 1901 paper 182
  • Revenue and Expenditure (England, Scotland and Ireland) 1901-1902, 1902 paper 256
  • Revenue and Expenditure (England, Scotland and Ireland) 1902-1903, 1903 paper 248
  • Revenue and Expenditure (England, Scotland and Ireland) 1903-1904, 1904 paper 225
  • Revenue and Expenditure (England, Scotland and Ireland) 1904-1905, 1905 paper 230
  • Revenue and Expenditure (England, Scotland and Ireland) 1905-1906, 1906 paper 278
  • Revenue and Expenditure (England, Scotland and Ireland) 1906-1907, 1907 paper 245
  • Revenue and Expenditure (England, Scotland and Ireland) 1907-1908, 1908 paper 216
  • Revenue and Expenditure (England, Scotland and Ireland) 1908-1909, 1909 paper 208
  • Revenue and Expenditure (England, Scotland and Ireland) 1909-1910, 1910 paper 233
  • Revenue and Expenditure (England, Scotland and Ireland) 1910-1911, 1911 paper 220
  • Revenue and Expenditure (England, Scotland and Ireland) 1911-1912, 1912 paper 190
  • Revenue and Expenditure (England, Scotland and Ireland) 1912-1913, 1913 paper 200
  • Revenue and Expenditure (England, Scotland and Ireland) 1913-1914, 1914 paper 387
  • Revenue and Expenditure (England, Scotland and Ireland) 1914-1915, 1915 paper 309
  • Revenue and Expenditure (England, Scotland and Ireland) 1915-1916, 1916 paper 119
  • Revenue and Expenditure (England, Scotland and Ireland) 1916-1917, 1917 paper 134
  • Revenue and Expenditure (England, Scotland and Ireland) 1917-1918, 1918 paper 106
  • Revenue and Expenditure (England, Scotland and Ireland) 1918-1919, 1919 paper 163
  • Revenue and Expenditure (England, Scotland and Ireland) 1919-1920, 1920 paper 245
  • Revenue and Expenditure (England, Scotland and Ireland) 1920-1921, 1921 paper 207
  • Revenue and Expenditure (England and Scotland) 1931-1932, 1932 paper 5
  • Revenue and Expenditure England and Scotland) 1934-1935, 1935 paper 5010
  • Revenue and Expenditure (England, Wales and Scotland) 1952-1953, 1953 paper 9051

Revisions

  • 21-Feb-2018: Revenue as Collected figures were used for Scotland and Ireland in some tables.
  • 22-Feb-2018: Other Sources and Non Identifiable Expenditure Per Head table were incorrectly using the calendar year numbers for Scotland and Ireland.